What is balanitis —Inflammation of the Head of the Penis
What is balanitis? Foreskin balanitis refers to inflammation of the inner plate of the foreskin and the glans of the penis. A lipid substance secreted in the normal foreskin cavity. In the foreskin or phimosis, this kind of substance can accumulate into smegma to stimulate the foreskin and head of the penis and cause foreskin balanitis. Symptoms of pseumatitis include edema, exudation, erythema, and erosion. Secondary infections have purulent secretions, easy to form ulcers, and conscious pain.
Etiology collection of balanitis
The onset of balanitis is closely related to the length of the foreskin. Balanitis can also be caused by some non-infectious factors and infectious factors.
- Non-infectious factors
Including local trauma, friction, contraceptives, soaps and detergents, and other irritation, the local can be expressed as edema erythema, erosion, exudate, and even bleeding, if the secondary bacterial infection can purify and form ulcers. The patient has obvious pain and is inconvenient to move. It is clinically called acute superficial balanitis.
- Candida infection
Candida is a conditional pathogenic fungus, so Candida balanitis often occurs secondary to diabetes, senile wasting disease, and after a large number of antibiotics or hormone treatments. It can also be primary and is mostly transmitted by spouse Candida vaginitis. The glans and coronal sulcus may have light red erosions and thin-walled pustules, but Candida is often not found locally, which may be caused by a local allergic reaction caused by Candida.
- Amoeba infection
Patients often have foreskin balanitis lesions, which locally lose their normal barrier function, and then are caused by intestinal amoebiasis infection. Local erosions, ulcers, and tissue necrosis are obvious, and the secretions can be directly smeared to find the amoeba.
- Trichomonas infection
Most of the spouses are infected with trichomoniasis. The symptoms are mild, mainly manifested as erythema papules and small blisters on the glans. Patients often feel itching, and trichomonas can be found in the secretions.
The harm of balanitis
- Lead to urinary system infection: Balanitis can cause ascending urinary system infection, leading to cystitis, nephritis, pyelonephritis, etc. Improper treatment of the acute phase can be life-threatening.
- Influencing fertility: When inflammation of the glans penis occurs, the sexual induction nerves in the glans penis are damaged, which easily leads to the decline of male sexual function, leading to premature ejaculation and impotence. Moreover, the inflammatory secretions are hidden in the foreskin easily enter the vagina with semen during sexual intercourse, which not only reduces the quality of semen but may also affect the combination of sperm and egg cells, leading to infertility.
- Harm to the health of the reproductive system: Foreskin balanitis can easily cause inflammation of prostatitis, orchitis, epididymitis, vas deferens, and other organs. If they cannot be treated promptly and effectively, the mutual infection will cause great harm to reproductive health.
Symptoms of balanitis
The symptoms of balanitis caused by different factors are also different.
- Trichomonas balanitis: It is caused by trichomonas infection, which is manifested as pimples or erythema on the glans, gradually expanding the area of the papules, and directly forming erosions in severe cases.
- Amoebic balanitis: When the foreskin glans is inflamed, the barrier function of the epithelium is lost, and it is easy to cause amoeba infection. The clinical manifestations are glans erosion, shallow ulcers, obvious tissue necrosis, and pain.
- Candidal balanitis: caused by a candida infection. The clinical manifestations are erythema, smooth surface, a little desquamation on the periphery, small papules or pustules scattered around, and slowly expand to the surrounding. In the acute phase, edematous erythema, erosion, and exudate may appear.
- Acute superficial balanitis: edematous erythema, erosion, exudation, and bleeding appear in the affected area, and blisters may appear in severe cases. If a secondary infection develops, ulcers may form, overlying with a purulent exudate. Patients will experience pain and tenderness, as well as mild systemic symptoms, such as fatigue, fatigue, low fever, and large inguinal lymph nodes.
- Ring-shaped ulcerative balanitis: Ring-shaped erythema appears on the glans, which directly leads to the formation of superficial ulcers.
- Plasma cell balanitis: localized, infiltrating, dark reddish-brown patches on the glans, with clear boundaries, smooth surface, many small red spots or erosions, easy bleeding, and no ulcers. In the superficial layer of the dermis, there is an infiltration of band-like inflammatory cells with a large number of plasma cells interspersed with it.
How to treat balanitis
Balanitis requires symptomatic treatment for the cause. The basic principle of western medicine for the treatment of dermatitis is anti-inflammatory and sterilization, both internal and external treatment.
Symptomatic treatment: Keep the affected area clean and sanitary to avoid all kinds of irritation. Elderly persons with over foreskin should undergo circumcision. Local treatment: For patients with erosions or purulent secretions in the affected area, drugs or ointments can be applied to relieve symptoms.
When using drugs to treat foreskin balanitis, if the inflammation has developed for a period of time, it is best to cooperate with infusion therapy to prevent the inflammation from further aggravating and leading to erosion or pus. It should be noted that even if the condition of balanitis improves, it does not mean that the inflammation will not recur. Therefore, it is recommended that patients undergo negative circumcision if necessary, which can effectively prevent balanitis.
Prevention of balanitis
- Keep the genitals clean: As most balanitis is caused by bacterial infections, the most important thing to prevent this disease is to maintain hygiene, wash the glans and foreskin daily, keep the foreskin cavity clean and dry, and avoid unclean sex. . Elderly persons with excessive circumcision should be treated in time, and circumcision should be performed if necessary.
- Early treatment of reproductive system diseases: If men find that they have symptoms of reproductive system diseases, they need to seek medical treatment as soon as possible to prevent delays in their illness. Also, pay attention to the care of the reproductive organs to avoid being injured by external forces.
- Develop good hygiene habits: Men should pay attention to developing good hygiene habits, not staying up late, drinking alcohol, etc.
- Insist on exercising: Men should exercise more in their daily lives to improve resistance, which can effectively prevent the occurrence of balanitis.
- Cooperating with sexual partners: If one of the couples suffers from reproductive system diseases, they should suspend their sexual life and treat them in time. If they suffer from trichomonas or Candida albicans infection, the couple should be treated at the same time.
- Circumcision: Performing circumcision can effectively prevent balanitis.
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How to use:
•Properly spray on the affected area
•Spray 3-5 times per day if in chronic conditions
Application for :
•Spray every time after intimate activity, anti-inflammatory, sterilizing, and healthy.
•Inflammation caused by sexual infection, especially severe inflammation caused by yeast infection.
•Inflammation caused by dirt in the foreskin
•When the genital has a peculiar smell, ulcer, flushing, itching, herpes, and erythema.
•Use after swimming in pools or at the beach